Can You Sue Your Employer After a Work Injury? Find Out Your Legal Options

Who Is Accountable for a Work Injury?

Before the workers’ compensation system as we know it today was adopted, the time after a work injury was stressful and costly for both the injured worker and the employer. Employees were left struggling to obtain care for their injuries while remaining financially stable. For their part, employers were increasingly facing litigation that drained resources and consumed a significant amount of time. Workers’ compensation aimed to find a mutually beneficial arrangement that would help both sides transition as smoothly as possible. The result was two of the main tenets of the system: employees are able to obtain benefits regardless of fault and employers are typically protected from being sued by the injured worker. This protection to employers applies regardless of whether or not employees decide to file a workers’ compensation claim.

Holding Your Employer Accountable for a Work Injury

This means that employees typically are not able to pursue damages from their employer in court outside the workers’ compensation system. One exception where this may be legally possible is through what is known as an "intentional tort". An intentional tort is a civil case against a person (or business) whose actions caused harm to another individual on purpose. Intentional torts are so named because the acts are presumed to be purposeful, as opposed to a standard tort in which the at-fault party caused harm through carelessness or negligence. Assault is one example of an intentional tort, while a slip and fall accident is generally a standard tort. An intentional tort case is in addition to the workers' compensation case.

Ohio Revised Code specifies certain conditions that must be met to pursue an intentional tort against an employer:

  • The employer acted with intent to injure the worker or with the belief that an injury was “substantially certain” to occur. The law defines substantially certain as meaning that an action was taken with “deliberate intent to cause an employee to suffer an injury, a disease, a condition, or death.”
  • The employer deliberately removed an equipment safety guard or intentionally misrepresented a toxic or hazardous substance involved in the job, and either of these actions led directly to an injury.

Intentional Torts in Ohio Are Extremely Difficult Cases to Win

Though these are the stated laws, in practice, they provide employers with immunity because injured workers bear the burden of actually proving specific intent to injure. They must show that an injury was purposeful or “substantially certain” to occur. In effect, they create a standard that is nearly impossible to meet. Over the past five years, a number of notable intentional tort cases have been heard by the Ohio Supreme Court and they were overwhelmingly decided in favor of the employers. The state of Ohio legislative system takes a strict stance on intentional torts, and the court’s rulings seem to make it clear that the workers’ compensation system is the way for workers to obtain medical care and compensation after an injury.

Deliberate Injury and Suing Your Employer

The second situation mentioned in the law recognizes instances in which employers might purposely remove safety guards from work equipment or lie about the dangers of a toxic substance. These are two extremely specific situations in which an employee could pursue litigation, though the employee would again bear the burden of providing proof of the employer’s behavior.

Other Third-Party Claim Options After a Work Injury

At times, it may not be the employer that an injured worker may want to hold accountable, but rather another third party. Third-party liability claims exist when someone other than the employee or employer is responsible for the worker’s injury. Some common examples of third-party claims involve:

In these types of cases, it is possible to obtain both workers’ compensation benefits and pursue a legal claim against the third party. It is important to note that your employer or the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation (BWC) may want to recoup some of their expenses should your case against the third party result in an award. This is known as subrogation, and employers and the BWC do have the right to be paid back what they provided for medical care and wage replacement. 

Columbus Workers’ Compensation Attorneys Can Help

It can be difficult to know just who can be held accountable for your injuries and what the best method for pursuing compensation may be. At Monast Law Office, our exerience can help you understand your rights and find the most effective way to move forward after a work-related accident or injury. Our legal team will learn more about the details of your case and work with you to ensure you can obtain the maximum amount of compensation possible. Call our Upper Arlington law office at (614) 334-4649​ to schedule a free, no-obligation consultation.