Employees in a wide range of fields across the state experience illnesses and injuries on the job that require care and days off work. In 2016, the Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation (BWC) addressed over 88,000 work injury claims.  To help ease the hardship associated with the medical bills and lost wages, the state workers’ compensation system offers a variety of benefits. In some cases, the recovery is prompt, and the employees are able to return to work with little delay. In other cases, however, the illness or injury is more severe and workers are forced to miss a significant amount of work to address these medical needs. While benefits exist to cover these long-term situations, additional steps are occasionally required to ensure continued care and compensation. A major component is the completion of an independent medical examination. These exams are required sometimes and can have a significant impact on compensation going forward.

What Is an Independent Medical Examination?

Independent Medical Exams and What They Mean for Workers' Comp Claim

The Ohio BWC defines an independent medical examination (IME) as “an objective medical evaluation conducted by an independent, qualified medical specialist at BWC’s request for the purpose of clarifying an injured worker’s medical and disability status.” Essentially, injured workers must be examined by a doctor who will offer an opinion regarding both the degree of the injury and the employee’s ability to return to work. Payment of benefits will depend on the outcome of this exam. In Ohio, the typical exams are:

  • 90-day exam - An exam is required when a worker has received temporary total disability for 90 consecutive days to evaluate the employee’s medical situation, a plan to move forward, barriers to returning to work, and more.
  • 200-week exam - Another exam similar to the 90-day exam is required after an injured worker has received temporary total disability for 200 consecutive weeks to reevaluate the employee’s full medical and work circumstances.
  • C-92 exam - This exam aims to provide insight into impairment for those who suffer a permanent disability. Here, a provider will determine a percentage equal to the individual’s impairment level.

Injured workers can request an IME if there is a change in their status, or if they feel they are not being compensated appropriately. It is also possible to dispute the results of an IME and obtain a second opinion if the worker believes the initial exam was not performed as it should have been.

Why Are Workers’ Comp Independent Medical Exams Important?

These IMEs can be critical to an injured employee’s ability to obtain the maximum compensation. The BWC will use the exams to both qualify and disqualify workers and determine how much compensation will be awarded. This is especially important for those receiving:

For workers with permanent injuries, exams serve as the basis for a percentage of permanent partial disability or loss of use award. This means that the percentage of impairment as determined by the doctor will determine the compensation ordered by the BWC. An injured worker may disagree with the percentage as determined by the BWC examiner, obtain another opinion at his/her own expense and request a hearing regarding the percentage of permanent partial disability. 

Preparing for Your Independent Medical Exam in Ohio

With so much riding on the outcome of your exam, be prepared. Here, we offer helpful tips for a successful defense medical exam.

  • Be truthful. If an injured worker is not honest about the details and scope of his injury, benefits could be denied.
  • Be thorough. Discuss any symptoms you may be having with your medical provider. It is up to the professionals to determine what relates to your health and treatment. Even minor symptoms may provide information critical to your care.
  • Have someone accompany you. A close friend or relative can take notes during the exam, recording the questions and opinions of the doctor, and your statements and concerns. If there is a dispute later, these notes can help keep your memory fresh, and that person can help lend credibility to your version of events.
  • Avoid pain medication before the exam. Pain medication should relieve pain and discomfort, and it is typically very effective in doing so. Taking the medication before an exam can make it appear as if you are in pain less than you may be. The doctor may not determine the true extent of your injury if your exam is performed under the influence of medication.

IMEs can significantly affect the compensation an injured worker and his family receives. These meetings are very important, and injured workers should take care to be prepared. At Monast Law Office, experienced workers’ compensation attorney Jim Monast and his team help injured Ohio workers and their families obtain all the compensation they deserve. If you have been hurt at work, take a moment to fill out the contact form on this page. You will receive a prompt response from a member of our team who can answer your questions and help you move forward most effectively.


James Monast
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Board-Certified Workers’ Compensation Attorney in Columbus, Ohio